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Albert Einstein a kuri phurofesa ya Sayensi

Phurofesa (ha kanyingi yi komisiwa ku va Prof.[1]) i xiyimo xa tidyondzo e yunivhesithi na tindzhawu ta vuleteri e matikweni yo tala. Vuhundzuluxeri byo kongoma bya riviti lerisukaka eka ririmi ra xilatini, "i munhu loyi a tiyisisaka vumbhoni" naswona a ri monhu loyi a ngana ntokoto eka tavutshila kumbe sayensi, thicara ya xiyimo xa le henhla.[1]

Eka swiyimo swa tindzhawu ta tidyondzo, riviti "phurofesa" ri hlamusela xiyimo xa le henhlahenhla xa vudyondzeki, lexi thlelaka xi tiveka tani hi "Phurofesa-nene".[2][3] E matikweni mambe riviti "phurofesa" rithlela ritirhisiwa ku eka swiyimo swa le hansi-nyana swa vudyondzeki ku fana na "Phurofesa ya madyondza" kumbe "hlantswa ya Phurofesa"; ngopfungopfu e tikweni ra Amerikha.[4] Matirhisele lama a ya pfumelelekanga e matikweni mambe.

Phurofesa u tala ku endla vulavisisi a thlela a letela machudeni eka tidyondzo ta vona. Eka ti yunivhesithi tin'wana tiphurofesa ti thlela ti pfuna machudeni na lawa ma endlaka vulavisisi leswaku ma hetisa switsalwana swa vona swo engetela. E tiyunivhesithi to tala tiphurofesa-nene ti tala ku rhangela tindzawulo kumbe swikolo swa vuleteri, swipani swa mindzavisiso na ku teka swiyimo swova nhloko ya yunivhesit kumbe xandla xa yona.[5] Tiphurofesa ti tala ku va erivaleni na swona ti languteriwa kuva varhangeri lava ngana ntokoto eka vutshila bya vona e tikweni kumbe e misaveni.[5]

MintshahoEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Harper, Douglas. "Professor". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 2007-07-28. 
  2. Pettigrew, Todd (2011-06-17). "Assistant? Associate? What the words before "professor" mean: Titles may not mean what you think they do". Maclean's. Retrieved 2016-10-06. 
  3. "United Kingdom, Academic Career Structure". European Univesrsity Institute. Retrieved 28 November 2017. 
  4. Hartley, Tom. "Dr Who or Professor Who? On Academic Email Etiquette". Tom Hartley. Retrieved 28 November 2017. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Promoted from doctor to professor: what changes?". Times Higher Education. 14 November 2016. Retrieved 29 November 2017.